1- Kazemi, S. H., Ghodsi, E., Abdollahi, S. V., Nadri, S., "Porous graphene oxide nanostructure as an excellent scaffold for label-free electrochemical biosensor: Detection of cardiac troponin I", Materials Science and Engineering: C, 69, 447-452, (2016).

Abstract:
Herein, we report the fabrication of a novel label-free impedimetric biosensor employing porous graphene oxide (PrGO) nanostructures for the specific detection of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) to establish the myocardial infarction (MI). This nano-immunosensor demonstrates an outstanding selectivity and high sensitivity towards the human-cTnI analyte. An excellent detection limit of 0.07 ng mL− 1 and dynamic linear range of 0.1–10 ng mL− 1 were calculated for anti-cTnI/PrGO/GC. Finally, this biosensor was employed to check the concentration of the MI biomarker in real clinical samples and the results are in good agreement with standard enzyme-linked fluorescence assay (ELFA) method.